Procedure Text

 Procedure is the set of steps which should be completed in the right sequence to get the goal. In our daily life, we often have to perform some steps to make or get something done. For example, early in the morning, you help your mother prepare cups of tea for all members of your family. In making cups of tea, you have to follow certain procedure in order to get a nice drink. Most of our daily activities are related with procedures. That is why, you should understand what a procedure text is, how to make and use it. The generic structure of procedure has three principal components namely (1) the goal, (2) materials and (3) steps.


 Generic Structure of procedure

1. Goal: Title of the text (especially for a recipe)

2. Materials: Optional, not for all procedural texts

3. Steps: a series steps oriented to achieving the Goal


Generic Features

1. The use of Simple Present Tense, often in an imperative form e.g. Add some sugar, prepare it,.

2. The use mainly of temporal conjunction (or numbering to indicate sequence especially in written text)

  • As the sentence introducers (sequencers) especially in spoken text:

First … Firstly …

Second … Secondly …

Then … Thirdly …

After that … Afterwards …

Finally … Lastly …

e.g. Firstly, prepare some water!


  • As time introducers, especially in written text

… before …

After …

When …

While …

… until …

During …

e.g. While you are boiling the water, grind the chilies, onions and salt

v  Purpose:

Procedures help us do a task or make something. They can be a set of instruction or direction


Read the example of Procedure Text

How to Make Fried Rise


    350 gr. Long Grain Rice

    2 Tbs. Vegetable Oil

    3 Eggs     

    1 Onion

    2 Green Chillis, Sambal Ulek or Sambal Badjak.

    1 Garlic Clove

    1 Leek

    1 teaspoon Ground Coriander

    1 teaspoon Ground Cumin

    250 gr. Chicken meat

    250 gr. Shelled Prawns

    3 Tbs. Kecap Manis


Steps :

This dish is best made from cold leftover rice, but you can cook a fresh batch and leave it to cool for at least 4 hours. Beat the eggs and make into a omelette, slice into strips and set aside. Heat the oil in a wok or large frying pan. Add the chopped onion, leek, garlic and chillis. Fry until the onion is soft. Add the Coriander and Cumin. Slice Chicken into strips and add with the prawns to the onion mixture and cook, stirring occasionally until they are well mixed. Add the rice, soya sauce and omelet strips and cook for a further 5 minutes.Decorate with some of the leftover leek and serve hot. Enjoy.

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