tense


 

bahasa inggris merupakan bahasa yang sudah mendunia d era globalisasi ini, banyak hal dikehidupan ini menggunakan bahasa inggris.

dizaman sekarang khususnya di Indonesia, bahasa inggris dimasukkan disalah satu mata pelajaran yang diujikan ketika UN.

Di Indonesia di kenal 16 tenses bahasa inggris meski secara umum hanya 12 tenses. Tenses english secara sederhana dapat diartikan sebagai pola kalimat yang berubah menurut waktu merujuk pada masa lalu (Past), masa sekarang (Present) dan masa depan (Future). Dengan memahami tenses bahasa inggris kita bisa menyusun kalimat dengan lebih baik meski tidak harus selalu kita gunakan.

berikut sedikit penjelasan tentang simple present tense

Simple Present Tense

I sing

How do we make the Simple Present Tense?

subject             +          auxiliary verb +          main verb

                        do                    base

 

There are three important exceptions:

 

    For positive sentences, we do not normally use the auxiliary.

    For the 3rd person singular (he, she, it), we add s to the main verb or es to the auxiliary.

    For the verb to be, we do not use an auxiliary, even for questions and negatives.

 

Look at these examples with the main verb like:

            subject             auxiliary verb             main verb         

+          I, you, we, they                                   like      coffee.

He, she, it                                likes     coffee.

–           I, you, we, they           do        not       like      coffee.

He, she, it        does     not       like      coffee.

?          Do       I, you, we, they                       like      coffee?

Does    he, she, it                     like      coffee?

 

Look at these examples with the main verb be. Notice that there is no auxiliary:

            subject             main verb                     

+          I           am                   French.

You, we, they             are                   French.

He, she, it        is                      French.

–           I           am       not       old.

You, we, they             are       not       old.

He, she, it        is          not       old.

?          Am      I                       late?

Are      you, we, they             late?

Is         he, she, it                     late?

How do we use the Simple Present Tense?

 

We use the simple present tense when:

 

    the action is general

    the action happens all the time, or habitually, in the past, present and future

    the action is not only happening now

    the statement is always true

 

John drives a taxi.

past      present             future

It is John’s job to drive a taxi. He does it every day. Past, present and future.

 

Look at these examples:

 

    I live in New York.

    The Moon goes round the Earth.

    John drives a taxi.

    He does not drive a bus.

    We meet every Thursday.

    We do not work at night.

    Do you play football?

 

Note that with the verb to be, we can also use the simple present tense for situations that are not general. We can use the simple present tense to talk about now. Look at these examples of the verb “to be” in the simple present tense – some of them are general, some of them are now:

Am I right?

Tara is not at home.

You are happy.

past      present             future

The situation is now.

 

I am not fat.

Why are you so beautiful?

Ram is tall.

past      present             future

The situation is general. Past, present and future.

 

 

 

 

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